Protecting At-Risk Children

Oct 2, 2019

A federal court ruled that faith-based foster and adoption agencies in Michigan cannot be forced to close because they will not compromise their religious beliefs by placing foster children with same-sex or unmarried couples.

Judge Robert Jonker found that the Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel and the state are discriminating against faith-based agencies such as St. Vincent Catholic Charities, a 70-year-old non-profit organization that specializes in finding foster and adoptive homes for hard-to-place older children, sibling groups, and children with special needs. The state is the sole source of foster care and adoption referrals for agencies like St. Vincent. 

Judge Jonker prohibited the state from terminating or suspending contracts with St. Vincent and ruled that it can continue to place children exclusively in families that have biblical beliefs about marriage. The judge also ruled that Michigan’s new state adoption policy was contrary to state and federal law and denied most elements of the state’s motion to dismiss the case, which allows litigation to proceed. In a decision that cites the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2018 ruling in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, the judge called out Nessel for religious targeting and concluded St. Vincent would likely prevail after a trial. 

St. Vincent and adoptive parents Chad and Melissa Buck sued in April to keep the Michigan and U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services from taking action against it for not placing children for foster care or adoption with same-sex couples. The ruling keeps St. Vincent’s doors open and ensures it can continue to support the Bucks, who have adopted five special needs children. St. Vincent is the only agency with knowledge of their family situation and the challenges faced by their children. 

Before 2018, the state allowed faith-based agencies to refer unmarried and same-sex couples to other adoption agencies. However, after Nessel’s election, the attorney general moved to settle a lawsuit the American Civil Liberties Union filed against the state on behalf of two same-sex couples for allowing St. Vincent to place children according to its biblical definition of marriage as between one man and one woman. The settlement resulted in new rules requiring faith-based agencies to assist same-sex couples and LGBT individuals in all phases of the child-placement process.

During the 2018 election for attorney general, Nessel described supporters of the state’s policy of working with faith-based child-placing agencies as “hatemongers.” In his recent ruling, Judge Jonker said Nessel forced St. Vincent to choose between its religious beliefs and its contract with the state.

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